PCI Compliant Web Hosting and Managed Service Provider
Hosting Solutions since 1995

End User License Agreement

E-SIGN Notice

In accordance with the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (Pub.L. 106-229 (June 30, 2000)), we want to advise you of your rights concerning your agreement to our Terms & Conditions:

  1. By consenting to agree to our contract electronically, your consent applies only to this transaction, but includes all amendments to policies and procedures applicable to these Terms & Conditions.
  2. You must update your electronic contact information with us as soon as possible after a change by co
  3. You may request (without charge) printed copies of our Terms & Conditions and/or the policies and procedures applicable to these Terms & Conditions by contacting us at accounting@dynamicnet.net, even if you initially accepted an electronic version.
  4. You must have access to the Internet and a printer if you wish to make a hard copy of the Terms & Conditions and/or the applicable policies and procedures. If you do not have access to a printer, please contact us at accounting@dynamicnet.net for a printed copy of the agreement which you may manually execute and return to us by fax or by surface mail, and for printed copies of the applicable policies and procedures. If you are unable to access the entire Terms & Conditions, or you would like us to mail or fax you a printed copy of the Terms & Conditions and applicable policies and procedures at no charge, please contact accounting@dynamicnet.net. Please be aware that the Terms and Conditions incorporate by reference certain policies and procedures that are posted online on this site and which are updated effective upon posting on this Web site. You may follow this same procedure to request the most current version of such policies and procedures.

Acceptable Use Policy (AUP)

By using our Web hosting services, you agree to comply with our policies. You are expected to use the Internet with respect, courtesy, and responsibility, giving due regard to the rights of other Internet users. We expect you to have a basic knowledge of how the Internet functions, the types of uses which are generally acceptable, and the types of uses which are to be avoided. Common sense is the best guide as to what is considered acceptable use. The following are unacceptable uses:

Illegality in any form, including but not limited to activities such as unauthorized distribution or copying of copyrighted software, violation of U.S. export restrictions, harassment, fraud, trafficking in obscene material, drug dealing, and other illegal activities.

Interpretation

The provisions of this Policy are intended as guidelines and are not meant to be exhaustive. Generally, conduct that violates law, regulation, or the accepted norms of the Internet community, whether or not expressly mentioned in this Policy, is prohibited. Dynamic Net, Inc. reserves the right at all times to prohibit activities that damage its commercial reputation and goodwill.

IP Addresses

IP addresses are assigned as per ARIN policy. Valid use of an IP address is for the primary network card of a physical server, for the primary virtual network card of a virtual machine (VPS node), for DNS name servers, for mail servers, or for a web site using an active (non expired) secure certificate (digital ID).

All IP addresses remain the property of the data center used by Dynamic Net, Inc., and assignments of IP addresses to customers will be revoked when service is cancelled or suspended, if IP addresses are not being used, or if IP addresses are being used in a way inconsistent with ARIN or Dynamic Net, Inc. policies.

Illegal Use

Dynamic Net, Inc. servers may be used only for lawful purposes. Transmission, distribution or storage of any material in violation of any applicable law or regulation is prohibited. This includes, without limitation, material protected by copyright, trademark, trade secret or other intellectual property right used without proper authorization, and material that is obscene, defamatory, constitutes an illegal threat, or violates export control laws. Examples of non-acceptable content or links: “Pirated software”, “Hackers programs or archives”, “Warez Sites”, “Irc Bots”, “MP3”.

We will be the sole arbiters as to what constitutes a violation of this provision.

System and Network Security

Violations of system or network security are prohibited, and may result in criminal and civil liability. Examples include, but are not limited to the following: unauthorized access, use, probe, or scan of a systems security or authentication measures, data or traffic. Interference with service to any user, host or network including, without limitation, mail bombing, flooding, deliberate attempts to overload a system and broadcast attacks. Forging of any TCP-IP packet header or any part of the header information in an e-mail or a newsgroup posting.

It is a violation for anyone who, including but not limited to, employs posts or programs which consume excessive CPU time or storage space, permits the use of mail services, mail forwarding capabilities, POP accounts, or auto responders other than for their own account; or resale of access to CGI scripts installed on our servers.

Tortuous Conduct

No one shall post defamatory, scandalous, violent or private information about a person without their consent, intentionally inflicting emotional distress, or violating trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights.

SPAMming

Sending unsolicited mail messages, including, without limitation, commercial advertising and informational announcements, is expressly prohibited. A user shall not use another site’s mail server to relay mail without the express permission of the site or distributing, advertising or promoting software or services that have the primary purpose of encouraging or facilitating unsolicited commercial E-mail or spam.

It is contrary to Dynamic Net, Inc. policy for customers to use our servers to effect or participate in any of the following activities:

  • To post to any Usenet or other newsgroup, forum, e-mail mailing list or other similar group or list articles which are off-topic according to the charter or other owner-published FAQ or description of the group or list;
  • To send unsolicited mass e-mailings, if such unsolicited e-mailings provoke complaints from the recipients;
  • To engage in any of the foregoing activities using the service of another provider, but channeling such activities through a Dynamic Net, Inc. provided server, or using a Dynamic Net, Inc. provided server as a mail drop for responses;
  • To falsify user information provided to Dynamic Net, Inc. or to other users of the service in connection with use of a Dynamic Net, Inc. service.

When Dynamic Net, Inc. becomes aware of an alleged violation of its Acceptable Use Policy, Dynamic Net, Inc. will initiate an investigation (within 24 – 48 hours). During the investigation Dynamic Net, Inc. may restrict Customer ‘s access in order to prevent further possible unauthorized activity. If the Customer is found in violation of our SPAM policy, Dynamic Net Inc. may, at its sole discretion, restrict, suspend, or terminate Customer’s account and/or pursue other civil remedies. Also, Dynamic Net Inc. reserves the right to pursue civil remedies for any costs associated with the investigation of a substantiated policy violation. If such violation is a criminal offense, Dynamic Net, Inc. will notify the appropriate law enforcement department of such violation.

Dynamic Net, Inc. does not issue service credits for any outages incurred through service disablement resulting from Policy violations.

The Customer shall be held liable for any and all costs incurred by Dynamic Net Inc. as a result of the customer’s violation of these terms and conditions. This is including, but is not limited to, attorney fees and costs resulting from Postmaster responses to complaints from and the cleanup of unsolicited commercial mailings and/or unauthorized bulk mailings and/or news server violations. First violations will result in a Cleanup Fee of $250 and the customer’s account will be reviewed for possible immediate termination. A second violation will result in Cleanup Fee of $500 and immediate termination of the customer’s account. The Customer who violates this policy agrees to also pay Investigation Fees of no more than $150 per hour that Dynamic Net Inc. personnel must spend to investigate any violations.

Adult Content

Dynamic Net, Inc. will not host sites with adult content, and reserves the right to determine what is and is not of an adult nature. Should you have any questions, ask before proceeding with your on-line order.

Hate Promotion

Dynamic Net, Inc. will not host a site promoting hated, and reserves the right to determine what is and is not hate promotion. Should you have any questions, ask before proceeding with your on-line order.

Modification

Dynamic Net, Inc. reserves the right to add, delete, or modify any provision of this Policy at any time without notice. Reporting Network Abuse Any party seeking to report any violations Dynamic Net, Inc.’s policy may contact via e-mail: support@dynamicnet.net

Customer Service Agreement

This is an agreement between you and Dynamic Net Inc. regarding your use of Dynamic Net, Inc.’s computer, interactive information, communication and server management service. This Agreement governs the terms and conditions under which Dynamic Net, Inc. makes the services offered by Dynamic Net, Inc. available to individual consumers through a personal computer or similar access, or to individual consumers or small businesses in connection with the ” Dynamic Net, Inc.” Web hosting or similar services. Under this Agreement, you must comply with Dynamic Net, Inc.’s then current “Acceptable Use Policy,” as updated from time to time by Dynamic Net, Inc.

PLEASE READ THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS CAREFULLY.

  1. Dynamic Net, Inc. will host an account for you, the purchaser (hereafter referred to as the Account Holder), for the Account Holder’s chosen domain name, for the period of time (the Term) corresponding with the payment plan chosen by the Account Holder. This contract will be automatically renewed at the end of the Term and each successive renewal term, unless terminated. We require written notification of non-renewal with at least 30 days notice but not more than 60 days prior to the renewal date. If you do not provide this notice, you will be charged for the next terms rate. There are no refunds on a la carte services, dedicated servers or server colocation.
  2. Dynamic Net, Inc.’s services are provided on an as is, as available basis without warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. Dynamic Net, Inc. expressly disclaims any representation or warranty that the Dynamic Net, Inc. services will be error-free, secure or uninterrupted. No oral advice or written information given by Dynamic Net, Inc., its employees, licensors of the like, will create a warranty; nor may you rely on any such information or advice. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  3. The Virtual Web Server Internet account and/or related electronic services can only be used for legal purposes under all applicable international, federal, provincial, and municipal laws. Further, the Account Holder agrees not to store, transmit, link to, advertise or make available any images containing pornography. Violations of these or any other provisions of this Agreement may result in termination of the services provided by Dynamic Net, Inc., with or without the grant of a notice or cure period, such notice or cure period to be granted at the sole discretion of Dynamic Net, Inc. based upon the severity of the violation. Dynamic Net, Inc. reserves the right to refuse service if any of the content within, or any links from, the Account Holder’s website is deemed illegal, misleading, or obscene, or is otherwise in breach of Dynamic Net, Inc.’s then current Acceptable Use Policy, in the sole and absolute opinion of Dynamic Net, Inc.
    Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement, the content of the Account Holder’s website is the sole responsibility of the Account Holder. The Account Holder agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Dynamic Net, Inc. from any and all claims, losses, damages, liabilities, judgments, or settlements, including reasonable attorney’s fees, costs, and other expenses incurred by Dynamic Net, Inc., (collectively, Claims) related to or in connection with the content of the Account Holder’s website. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  4. Account Holder acknowledges that the nature of the service furnished and the initial rates and charges have been communicated to the Account Holder. Account Holder is aware that Dynamic Net Inc. reserves the right to change the specified rates and charges from time to time.
  5. The Account Holder agrees to follow generally accepted rules of “Netiquette” when sending e-mail messages or posting to newsgroups. Account Holder is responsible for security of its password. Dynamic Net, Inc. will not change passwords to any account without proof of identification, which is satisfactory to Dynamic Net, Inc., which may include written authorization with signature. In the event of any partnership break-up, divorce or other legal problems that includes Account Holder, Account Holder understands that Dynamic Net, Inc. will remain neutral and may put the account on hold until the situation has been resolved. Under no circumstances will Dynamic Net, Inc. be liable for any losses incurred by Account Holder during this time of determination of ownership, or otherwise. The Account Holder agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Dynamic Net, Inc. from any and all Claims arising from such ownership disputes. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  6. The Account Holder agrees not to harm Dynamic Net, Inc., its reputation, computer systems, programming and/or other persons using Dynamic Net, Inc.’s services. Dynamic Net, Inc. reserves the right to select the server for Account Holder’s website for best performance. The Account Holder understands that the services provided by Dynamic Net, Inc. are provided on a shared server. This means that one website cannot be permitted to overwhelm the server with heavy CPU usage, for example from the use of highly active CGI scripts or chat scripts.
    If the Account Holder’s website overwhelms the server and causes complaints from other users, the Account Holder has outgrown the realm of shared servers, and will need to relocate it’s website. Dynamic Net, Inc. will refund any unused portion of prepaid services. If the Account Holder refuses to comply with this Section, then Dynamic Net, Inc. has the right to terminate the services provided to the Account Holder without any refunds of the unused portion prepaid by the Account Holder.
    The Account Holder agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Dynamic Net, Inc. and any other Account Holder from any and all Claims resulting from the Account Holder’s use of the services provided by Dynamic Net, Inc. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
    Dynamic Net, Inc. shall not be liable for any damages suffered as a result of using, modifying, contributing, copying, distributing, or downloading of materials from the web server. In no event shall Dynamic Net, Inc. be liable for any indirect, punitive, special, incidental, or consequential damage (including but not limited to loss of business, revenue, profits, use, data or other economic advantage), however it arises, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortuous action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this web server.
    Account Holder has sole responsibility for the adequate protection and backup of data and/or equipment used in connection with the web server and Account Holder will not make a claim against Dynamic Net, Inc. for lost data, re-run time, inaccurate output, work delays, or lost profits resulting from the use of the web server. Account Holder agrees to hold Dynamic Net, Inc. harmless from, and promises not to sue Dynamic Net, Inc. for, any claims based on or related to the use of the web server.
  7. The Account Holder’s rights and privileges under this Agreement cannot be sold or transferred without the prior written consent of Dynamic Net, Inc.
  8. If the Account Holder sells or resells advertising or Web space to a third party then the Account Holder will be responsible for the contents of that advertising and the actions of that third party. Dynamic Net, Inc. has the absolute right to reject any advertising or other third party content that is illegal, offensive or otherwise in breach of the then current Dynamic Net, Inc. Acceptable Use Policy. The e-mail distribution by the Account Holder of “SPAM”, “JUNK MAIL”, or “UNSOLICITED COMMERCIAL E-MAIL”, is expressly prohibited. If the Account Holder refuses to remove any advertising or other third party content deemed objectionable by Dynamic Net, Inc., Dynamic Net, Inc. may terminate the services being provided to the Account Holder.
  9. Dynamic Net, Inc. will use its best efforts to maintain a full time Internet presence for the Account Holder. The Account Holder hereby acknowledges that the network may, at various time intervals, be down due, but not restricted to, utility interruption, equipment failure, natural disaster, acts of God, or human error. In no event shall Dynamic Net, Inc. be liable to the Account Holder for any damages resulting from or related to any failure or delay of Dynamic Net, Inc. in providing access to the Internet under this Agreement. In no event shall Dynamic Net, Inc. be liable to the Account Holder for any indirect, special or consequential damages or lost profits arising out of or related to this Agreement or the performance or breach thereof. The aggregate, total liability of Dynamic Net, Inc. under this Agreement, if any, shall in no event or circumstance exceed the total amount actually paid by the Account Holder hereunder. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  10. This Agreement applies to all accounts, sub-accounts, and alternative account names associated with your principal account. The Account Holder is responsible for the use of each account, whether used under any name or by any person, and for ensuring full compliance with this Agreement by all users of that account. A Dynamic Net, Inc. account may not be transferred without prior written approval from Dynamic Net, Inc.. The Account Holder is responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of his/her password. In the event of a breach of security through the Account Holder’s account, the Account Holder will be liable for any unauthorized use of the Dynamic Net, Inc. services, including any damages resulting there from, until the Account Holder notifies Dynamic Net, Inc.’s customer service.
  11. If Dynamic Net, Inc. assigns the Account Holder an Internet Protocol address in connection with the Account Holder’s use of the Dynamic Net, Inc. services, the right to use that Internet Protocol address will remain with and belong only to Dynamic Net, Inc., and the Account Holder will have no right to use that Internet Protocol address except as allowed by Dynamic Net, Inc. in its sole and absolute discretion.
  12. This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the Account Holder and Dynamic Net, Inc. with respect to the Dynamic Net, Inc. services and supersedes all prior agreements between the Account Holder and Dynamic Net, Inc. Dynamic Net, Inc.’s failure to enforce any provision of this Agreement shall not be construed as a waiver of any provision or right. In the event that a portion of this Agreement is held unenforceable, the unenforceable portion will be construed in accordance with applicable law as nearly as possible to reflect the original intentions of the parties, and the remainder of the provisions will remain in full force and effect. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  13. The parties shall attempt to resolve all disputes arising out of this Agreement in a spirit of cooperation and with a problem-solving mindset, without formal proceedings. Any dispute, which cannot be so resolved, shall be subject to binding arbitration upon the written demand of either party. Arbitration shall take place in Berks County, Pennsylvania. Should any legal action permissible under this Agreement be instituted to enforce the terms and conditions of this Agreement, in particular the right to collect money due on unpaid invoices, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover reasonable attorney’s fees and expenses incurred at both the trial and appellate levels. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  14. The Account Holder agrees to indemnify and hold Dynamic Net, Inc. harmless from any and all Claims resulting from or connected with any activities conducted by the Account Holder. The Account Holder and Dynamic Net, Inc. will promptly notify the other upon receipt of any Claim or legal action arising out of activities conducted pursuant to this Agreement. The rights and responsibilities established in this paragraph will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  15. Dynamic Net, Inc. may include the Account Holder’s name and contact information in directories of Dynamic Net, Inc. service subscribers for the purpose promoting the use of the services by additional potential clients. However, Dynamic Net, Inc. is not authorized to print the Account Holder’s name, trademarks or other identifying information in any other advertising or promotional materials without the prior written consent of the Account Holder.
  16. The interpretation and enforcement of this Agreement shall be governed according the laws of the state of Pennsylvania (excluding its choice of law rules) and the federal laws of United States applicable therein. The Account Holder hereby consents to personal jurisdiction in the federal and provincial courts of Berks County, Pennsylvania for any action arising out of or relating to the Account Holder’s use of the Dynamic Net, Inc. services. The federal and provincial courts of Berks County, Pennsylvania will have exclusive jurisdiction over all such actions. In any such action, the prevailing party will be entitled to recover all legal expenses incurred in connection with the action, including but not limited to its costs, both taxable and non-taxable, and reasonable attorney’s fees. The terms of this Section will survive any termination of this Agreement.
  17. Notices required by this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be delivered either by personal delivery or by mail. If delivered by mail, notices shall be sent by any express mail service; or by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested; with all postage and charges prepaid. All notices and other written communications under this Agreement shall be addressed to the individuals in the capacities indicated below, or as specified by subsequent written notice delivered by the party whose address has changed.
  18. Because the Internet is a global communication tool, and we have clients from nearly every country in the world it is difficult to dictate what is considered “adult material.” However, it is not our function to discriminate against those who choose to utilize adult content or adult related material. This being said, there are still several reasons why Dynamic Net has been forced to create its no adult sites policy for its virtual server users.
  19. Virtual account holders can receive a refund if account is cancelled within the initial 30 days after sign up. Reseller account holders can receive a refund if account is cancelled within the initial 7 days after sign up. If the account holder cancels after the time period specified, there will be no refund given.
    All cancelations must be done via the secure on-line form at https://www.dynamicnet.net/terms/service-cancellation-form/
  20. Dynamic Net, Inc. may temporarily deny service or terminate this Agreement upon the failure of Account Holder to pay charges when they become due. Such termination or denial will not relieve the Account Holder of responsibility for the payment of all accrued charges, plus reasonable interest and any collection fees.
  21. If an account holder’s account becomes overdue, the account will be suspended. Interest will accrue on the overdue account at a rate of 5% per month until the outstanding balance is paid in full.
  22. If an account holder charges back for services rendered, a $50.00 charge back fee will be added to the amount charged back by the customer.
  23. If an account holder’s account is overdue for 90 days, the account will be handed over to an outside collection agency. At that time the account holder will incur a $50.00 collection fee added to the balance previously due.
  24. All accounts are subject to verification.
  25. You agree that Dynamic Net, Inc. may establish limits concerning use of any Dynamic Net, Inc service offered on any Dynamic Net, Inc. web site, including without limitation the maximum number of days that e-mail messages will be retained by any Dynamic Net, Inc. service, the maximum number of e-mail messages that may be sent from or received by an account on any Dynamic Net, Inc. service, the maximum size of an e-mail message that may be sent from or received by an account on any Dynamic Net, Inc. service, the maximum disk space that will be allotted on Dynamic Net, Inc.’s servers on your behalf either cumulatively or for any particular service. You agree that Dynamic Net, Inc. has no responsibility or liability for the deletion, corruption or failure to store any messages or other content maintained or transmitted by any Dynamic Net, Inc. service. You acknowledge that the features, parameters (for example, the amount of storage available to users) or existence of any Dynamic Net, Inc. service may change at any time.

 

Registration Agreement

  1. IN THIS REGISTRATION AGREEMENT (“Agreement”), “Registrant”, “you” and “your” refers to the Registrant of each domain name registration, “we”, “us” and “our” refers to Tucows Domains Inc., and “Services” refers to the domain name registration services provided by us as offered through Dynamic Net, Inc., the Registration Service Provider (“Reseller”). Any reference to a “registry,” “Registry” or “Registry Operator” shall refer to the registry administrator of the applicable top-level domain (“TLD”). This Agreement explains our obligations to you, and explains your obligations to us for the Services. By agreeing to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, you are also agreeing to be bound by the rules and regulations set forth by a registry for that particular registry only.
  2. SELECTION OF A DOMAIN NAME. You acknowledge and agree that we cannot guarantee that you will obtain a desired domain name, even if an inquiry indicates that a domain name is available at the time of your application. You represent that, to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither the registration of the domain name nor the manner in which you intend to use it, infringes upon the legal rights of a third party and further, that the domain name is not being registered for, nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for, any unlawful purpose. During the period following registration of a domain name and the appointment of active name servers, we may post a stagnant web page and any revenues generated from same shall be for our own account.
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  4. FEES. As consideration for the Services, you agree to pay Reseller the applicable service(s) fees prior to the effectiveness of a desired domain name registration or any renewal thereof. All fees payable hereunder are non-refundable even if your domain name registration is suspended, cancelled or transferred prior to the end of your current registration term. As further consideration for the Services, you agree to: (1) provide certain current, complete and accurate information about you as required by the registration process, and (2) maintain and update this information as needed to keep it current, complete and accurate. All such information shall be referred to as account information (“Account Information”). You represent that the Account Information and all other statements put forth in your application are true, complete and accurate. Both Tucows and each registry reserves the right to terminate your domain name registration if: (i) information provided by you or your agent is false, inaccurate, incomplete, unreliable, misleading or otherwise secretive; or (ii) you have failed to maintain, update and keep your Account Information true, current, complete, accurate and reliable. You acknowledge that a breach of this Section 3 will constitute a material breach of our Agreement, which will entitle either us or a registry to terminate this Agreement immediately upon such breach without any refund and without notice to you.
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  6. TERM. This Agreement will remain in effect during the term of your domain name registration as selected, recorded and paid for at the time of registration or any renewal thereof. Should the domain name be transferred to another registrar, the terms and conditions of this Agreement shall cease.
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  8. MODIFICATIONS TO AGREEMENT. You acknowledge that the practice of registering and administering domain names is constantly evolving; therefore, you agree that Tucows may modify this Agreement, or any other related and/or applicable agreement, as is necessary to comply with its agreements with ICANN, a registry or any other entity or individual, as well as to adjust to changing circumstances. All amendments to this Agreement will be posted on our website. Your continued use of the domain name registered to you will constitute your acceptance of this Agreement with any revisions. If you do not agree to any change, you may request that your domain name registration be cancelled or transferred to a different accredited registrar. You agree that such cancellation or request for transfer will be your exclusive remedy if you do not wish to abide by any change to this Agreement, or any other related and/or applicable agreement.
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  10. MODIFICATIONS TO YOUR ACCOUNT. In order to change any of your account information with us, you must use the Account Identifier and Password that you selected when you opened your account with us. You agree to safeguard your Account Identifier and Password from any unauthorized use. In no event shall we be liable for the unauthorized use or misuse of your Account Identifier or Password.
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  12. NO GUARANTEE. You acknowledge that registration or reservation of your chosen domain name does not confer immunity from objection to the registration, reservation or use of the domain name.
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  14. DOMAIN NAME DISPUTES. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified in the dispute policy adopted by the applicable registry. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the applicable policy. If Tucows is notified that a complaint has been filed with a judicial or administrative body regarding your domain name, Tucows may, at its sole discretion, suspend your ability to use your domain name or to make modifications to your registration records until (i) Tucows is directed to do so by the judicial or administrative body, or (ii) Tucows receives notification by you and the other party contesting your domain that the dispute has been settled. Furthermore, you agree that if you are subject to litigation regarding your registration or use of your domain name, Tucows may deposit control of your registration record into the registry of the judicial body by supplying a party with a registrar certificate from us.
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  16. POLICY. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to a Tucows, registry, ICANN or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a Tucows, registry, ICANN or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or a registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name.
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  18. AGENCY. Should you intend to license use of a domain name to a third party you shall nonetheless be the domain name holder of record and are therefore responsible for providing your own full contact information and for providing and updating accurate technical and administrative contact information adequate to facilitate timely resolution of any problems that arise in connection with the domain name. You shall accept liability for harm caused by wrongful use of the domain name, unless you promptly disclose the current contact information provided by the licensee and the identity of the licensee to a party providing the Registered Name Holder reasonable evidence of actionable harm. You represent that you will secure the agreement of any third party to the terms and conditions in this Agreement.
  19. ANNOUNCEMENTS. We reserve the right to distribute information to you that is pertinent to the quality or operation of our services and those of our service partners. These announcements will be predominately informative in nature and may include notices describing changes, upgrades, new products or other information to add security or to enhance your identity on the Internet.
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  21. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. You agree that our entire liability, and your exclusive remedy, with respect to any Services(s) provided under this Agreement and any breach of this Agreement is solely limited to the amount you paid for the initial registration of your domain name. Tucows and its directors, employees, affiliates, subsidiaries, agents and third party providers, ICANN and the applicable registries shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages resulting from the use or inability to use any of the Services or for the cost of procurement of substitute services. Because some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, in such states, our liability is limited to the extent permitted by law. We disclaim any and all loss or liability resulting from, but not limited to: (1) loss or liability resulting from access delays or access interruptions; (2) loss or liability resulting from data non-delivery or data mis-delivery; (3) loss or liability resulting from acts of God; (4) loss or liability resulting from the unauthorized use or misuse of your account identifier or password; (5) loss or liability resulting from errors, omissions, or misstatements in any and all information or services(s) provided under this Agreement; (6) loss or liability resulting from the interruption of your Service. You agree that we will not be liable for any loss of registration and use of your domain name, or for interruption of business, or any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages.
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  23. INDEMNITY. You agree to release, indemnify, and hold Tucows, its contractors, agents, employees, officers, directors and affiliates, ICANN, the applicable registries and their respective directors, officers, employees, agents and affiliates harmless from all liabilities, claims and expenses, including attorney’s fees, of third parties arising out of or relating to the registration or use of the domain name registered in your name, whether used by yourself, licensed to a third party or pursuant to the Whois Privacy Service, including without limitation infringement by you or a third party with access to your Account Identifier and Password. You also agree to release, indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in the applicable Dispute Policy. When we are threatened with suit by a third party, we may seek written assurances from you concerning your promise to indemnify us; your failure to provide those assurances may be considered by us to be a breach of your Agreement and may result in the suspension or cancellation of your domain name. This indemnification obligation will survive the termination or expiration of this Agreement.
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  25. TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP. The person named as Registrant on the Whois shall be the registered name holder. The person named as administrative contact at the time the controlling account identifier and password are secured shall be deemed the designate of the Registrant with the authority to manage the domain name. You agree that prior to transferring ownership of your domain name to another person (the “Transferee”) you shall require the Transferee to agree, in writing to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Agreement. If the Transferee fails to be bound in a reasonable fashion (as determine by us in our sole discretion) to the terms and conditions in this Agreement, any such transfer will be null and void.
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  27. RENEWALS AND FORFEITURE. Domain names are registered for a finite period of time. You will receive reminders immediately prior to the expiration of your registration inviting you to renew your domain name and specifying the amount of time you have to renew your domain name. In the event that you fail to renew your domain name in a timely fashion, your registration will expire and we may, at our discretion, elect to assume the registration and may hold it for our own account, delete it or we may sell it to a third party. You acknowledge and agree that your right and interest in a domain name ceases upon its expiration and that any expired domain name may be made available for registration by a third party.
    If you fail to renew your registration, your domain name may cease to resolve and visitors to your site may be redirected to a default page informing them that the site is no longer in service. This parked or default page may feature advertisements posted by us for our own account.
    If we, in our sole discretion, have elected to renew the registration, you will be entitled to a grace period of forty (40) days during which you may re-register the domain name from us. Additional costs for the redemption and re-registration will apply. During this grace period, we may post a parked page and/or may revise the “Whois” registration records to include either our information or that of your Reseller. The domain name also may be listed for auction and promoted as being available for auction. If the name is sold during any such auction, it will be acquired by a third party and will not remain available for re-registration by you after our stated grace period. If you do not re-register the domain name during the grace period, the auction sale will be concluded and ownership of the domain transferred to a third party.
    If you fail to renew your domain name registration during the grace period, you acknowledge that you have abandoned the domain name and that it is available for sale and registration by any third party.
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  29. BREACH. You agree that failure to abide by any provision of this Agreement, any operating rule or policy or the Dispute Policy provided by us, may be considered by us to be a material breach and that we may provide a written notice, describing the breach, to you. If within fifteen (15) calendar days of the date of such notice, you fail to provide evidence, which is reasonably satisfactory to us, that you have not breached your obligations under the Agreement, then we may delete the registration or reservation of your domain name. Any such breach by you shall not be deemed to be excused simply because we did not act earlier in response to that, or any other breach by you.
  30.  

  31. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. You agree that your use of our Services is solely at your own risk. You agree that such Service(s) is provided on an “as is,” “as available” basis. We expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. We make no warranty that the Services will meet your requirements, or that the Service(s) will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor do we make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the Service(s) or as to the accuracy or reliability of any information obtained through the Service or that defects in the Service will be corrected. You understand and agree that any material and/or data downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Service is done at your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of such material and/or data. We make no warranty regarding any goods or services purchased or obtained through the Service or any transactions entered into through the Service. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from us or through the Service shall create any warranty not expressly made herein.
  32.  

  33. INFORMATION. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as such information changes such that our records are current, complete and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information: (a) your name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers; (b) the domain name being registered; (c) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact for the domain name; (d) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the billing contact for the domain name; and (e) the name, postal address, e-mail address, and voice and fax (if available) telephone numbers of the technical contact for the domain name. Any voluntary information we request is collected in order that we can continue to improve the products and services offered to you through your Reseller.
  34.  

  35. DISCLOSURE AND USE OF REGISTRATION INFORMATION. You agree and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information you provide available to ICANN, to the registry administrators, law enforcement agencies and to other third parties as applicable. You further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some or all, of the domain name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through our Whois service) or other purposes as required or permitted by ICANN and applicable laws. (a) You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of, and guidelines, limits and restrictions on disclosure or use of, information provided by you in connection with the registration of a domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration information by us. (b) You may access your domain name registration information in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us through your Reseller. (c) We will not process or maintain data about any identified or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement. (d) We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.
  36. OBLIGATION TO MAINTAIN WHOIS. Your wilful provision of inaccurate or unreliable information, your wilful failure promptly to update information provided to us, or any failure to respond to inquiries by us addressed to the email address of the registrant, the administrative, billing or technical contact appearing in the Whois directory with respect to a domain name concerning the accuracy of contact details associated with the registration shall constitute a material breach of this Agreement and be a basis for cancellation of the domain name registration. Any information collected by us concerning an identified or identifiable natural person (“Personal Data”) will be used in connection with the registration of your domain name(s) and for the purposes of this Agreement and as required or permitted by ICANN or an applicable registry policy.
  37.  

  38. REVOCATION. We, in our sole discretion, reserve the right to deny, cancel, suspend, transfer or modify any domain name registration to correct a mistake, protect the integrity and stability of the company and any applicable registry, to comply with any applicable laws, government rules, or requirements, requests of law enforcement, in compliance with any dispute resolution process, or to avoid any liability, civil or criminal. You agree that we shall not be liable to you for loss or damages that may result from our refusal to register or cancel, suspend, transfer or modify your domain name registration.
  39.  

  40. INCONSISTENCIES WITH REGISTRY POLICIES. In the event that this Agreement may be inconsistent with any term, condition, policy or procedure of an applicable registry, the term, condition, policy or procedure of the applicable registry shall prevail.
  41.  

  42. NON-WAIVER. Our failure to require performance by you of any provision hereof shall not affect the full right to require such performance at any time thereafter; nor shall the waiver by us of a breach of any provision hereof be taken or held to be a waiver of the provision itself.
  43.  

  44. NOTICES. Any notice, direction or other communication given under this Agreement shall be in writing and given by sending it via e-mail or via regular mail. In the case of e-mail, valid notice shall only have been deemed to be given when an electronic confirmation of delivery has been obtained by the sender. E-mail notification to Tucows must be sent to lhutz@tucows.com. Any notice to you will be sent to the e-mail address provided by you in your Whois record. Any e-mail communication shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given on the date of such communication, if such date is a business day and such delivery was made prior to 4:00 p.m. EST, otherwise it will be deemed to have been delivered on the next business day. In the case of regular mail notice, valid notice shall be deemed to have been validly and effectively given five (5) business days after the date of mailing Postal notices to Tucows shall be sent to:
    Tucows Domains Inc. Registrant Affairs Office 96 Mowat Avenue Toronto, Ontario M6K 3M1 CANADA Attention: Legal Affairs
    and in the case of notification to you shall be sent to the address specified in the “Administrative Contact” in your Whois record.
  45.  

  46. ENTIRETY. You agree that this Agreement, the applicable dispute policy and the rules and policies published by Tucows and any applicable registry or other governing authority, are the complete and exclusive agreement between you and us regarding our Services.
  47. NO THIRD PARTY BENEFICIARIES. This Agreement shall not be construed to create any obligation by either Tucows or Registrant to any non-party to this Agreement. Enforcement of this Agreement, included any provisions incorporated by reference, is a matter solely for the parties to this Agreement.
  48. GOVERNING LAW. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND INTERPRETED AND ENFORCED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF PROVINCE OF ONTARIO AND THE FEDERAL LAWS OF CANADA APPLICABLE THEREIN WITHOUT REFERENCE TO RULES GOVERNING CHOICE OF LAWS. ANY ACTION RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT MUST BE BROUGHT IN ONTARIO AND YOU IRREVOCABLY CONSENT TO THE JURISDICTION OF SUCH COURTS.
  49.  

  50. INFANCY. You attest that you are of legal age to enter into this Agreement.
  51.  

  52. FORCE MAJEURE. You acknowledge and agree that neither we nor the applicable registry shall be responsible for any failures or delays in performing our respective obligations hereunder arising from any cause beyond our reasonable control, including but not limited to, acts of God, acts of civil or military authority, fires, wars, riots, earthquakes, storms, typhoons and floods.
  53.  

  54. PRIVACY. Information collected about you is subject to the terms of Tucows’ privacy policy, the terms of which are hereby incorporated by reference. Tucows’ privacy policy can be found at: http://www.opensrs.com/privacy
  55. CONTROLLING LANGUAGE. In the event that you are reading this Agreement in a language other than the English language, you acknowledge and agree that the English language version hereof shall prevail in case of inconsistency or contradiction in interpretation or translation.
  56.  

  57. TLD’S. The following additional provisions apply to any domain names that you register through Tucows with the various registries:
    • .com/net Domains: In the case of a “.com” or “.net” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry; these policies are subject to modification;
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .org Domains: In the case of a “.org” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Dom ain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification;
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .info Domains: In the case of a “.info” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Registrant’s Personal Data. You consent to the use, copying, distribution, publication, modification, and other processing of Registrant’s personal data by Afilias, the .INFO registry, and its designees and agents, in a manner consistent with the purposes specified pursuant to its contract;
      • Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification;
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario;
      • Reservation of Rights. Tucows and Afilias expressly reserve the right to deny, cancel, transfer, or modify any registration that either registrar or Afilias deems necessary, at its discretion, to protect the integrity and stability of the registry, to comply with any applicable law, any government rule or requirement, any request of law enforcement, any dispute resolution process, or to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on the part of the registrar and/or Afilias, as well as their affiliates, subsidiaries, executives, directors, officers, managers, employees, consultants, and agents. The registrar and Afilias also reserve the right to suspend a domain name or its registration data during resolution of a dispute.
    • .biz Domains. In the case of a “.biz” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • .biz Restrictions. Registrations in the .biz top-level domain must be used or intended to be used primarily for bona fide business or commercial purposes. For the purposes of the .biz registration restrictions, “bona fide business or commercial use” shall mean the bona fide use or bona fide intent to use the domain name or any content, software, materials, graphics or other information thereon, to permit Internet users to access one or more host computers through the DNS: (A) to exchange goods, services, or property of any kind; (B) in the ordinary course of business; or (C) to facilitate (i) the exchange of goods, services, information or property of any kind; or (ii) the ordinary course of trade or business.
        For more information on the .biz restrictions, which are incorporated herein by reference, please see: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/biz/registry-agmt-appl-18apr01.htm.
      • Selection of a Domain Name. You represent that: (A) the data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete, and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, up-to-date and complete; (B) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party; (C) that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever; (D) the registered domain name will be used primarily for bona fide business or commercial purposes and not (a) exclusively for personal use, or (b) solely for the purposes of (1) selling, trading or leasing the domain name for compensation, or (2) the unsolicited offering to sell, trade or lease the domain name for compensation; (E) you have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement; and (F) the registered domain name is reasonably related to your business or intended commercial purpose at the time of registration.
      • Provision of Registration Data. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us with certain information and to keep the information true, current, complete, and accurate at all times. The information includes the following: (A) your full name; (B) your postal address; (C) your e-mail address; (D) your voice telephone number; (E) your fax number (if applicable); (F) the name of an authorized person for contact purposes in the case of a registrant that is an organization, association, or corporation; (G) the IP addresses of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver for the domain name; (H) the corresponding names of the primary and secondary nameservers; (I) the full name, postal address, e-mail address, voice telephone number, and, when available, fax number of the administrative, technical, and billing contacts, and the name holder for the domain name; and (J) any remark concerning the domain name that should appear in the Whois directory. (K) You agree and understand that the foregoing registration data will be publicly available and accessible on the Whois directory as required by ICANN and/or registry policies, and may be sold in bulk in accordance with the ICANN agreement.
      • Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement: (A) The Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (“Dispute Policy), available at: http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm; (B) The Restrictions Dispute Resolution Criteria and Rules (“RDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/biz/registry-agmt-appm-27apr01.htm; (collectively, the “Dispute Policies”).
      • The Dispute Policy sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between a Registrant and any party other than the Registry or Registrar over the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered by Registrant.
      • The RDRP sets forth the terms under which any allegation that a domain name is not used primarily for business or commercial purposes shall be endorsed on a case-by-case, fact specific basis by an independent ICANN-accredited dispute provider.
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .name Domains. In the case of a “.name” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • .name Restrictions. Registrations in the .name top-level domain must constitute an individual’s “Personal Name”. For purposes of the .name restrictions (the “Restrictions”), a “Personal Name” is a person’s legal name, or a name by which the person is commonly known. A “name by which a person is commonly known” includes, without limitation, a pseudonym used by an author or painter, or a stage name used by a singer or actor.
      • .name Representations. As a .name domain name registrant, you hereby represent that: (A) the registered domain name or second level domain (“SLD”) e-mail address is your Personal Name. (B) the data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, current and complete, (C) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party; (D) that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever; (E) the registration satisfies the Eligibility Requirements found at: http://www.icann.org/en/about/agreements/registries/name/appendix-11-25mar11-en.htm; and (F) you have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.
      • E-mail Forwarding Services. The Services for which you have registered may, at your option, include e-mail forwarding. To the extent you opt to use e-mail forwarding, you are obliged to do so in accordance with all applicable legislation and are responsible for all use of e-mail forwarding, including the content of messages sent through e-mail forwarding.
        You undertake to familiarize yourself with the content of and to comply with the generally accepted rules for Internet and e-mail usage. Without prejudice to the foregoing, you undertake not to use e-mail forwarding: (A) to encourage, allow or participate in any form of illegal or unsuitable activity, including but not restricted to the exchange of threatening, obscene or offensive messages, spreading computer viruses, breach of copyright and/or proprietary rights or publishing defamatory material; (B) to gain illegal access to systems or networks by unauthorized access to or use of the data in systems or networks, including all attempts at guessing passwords, checking or testing the vulnerability of a system or network or breaching the security or access control without the sufficient approval of the owner of the system or network; (C) to interrupt data traffic to other users, servers or networks, including, but not restricted to, mail bombing, flooding, Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, wilful attempts to overload another system or other forms of harassment; or (D) for spamming, which includes, but is not restricted to, the mass mailing of unsolicited e-mail, junk mail, the use of distribution lists (mailing lists) which include persons who have not specifically given their consent to be placed on such distribution list. Users are not permitted to provide false names or in any other way to pose as somebody else when using e-mail forwarding.
      • Registry reserves the right to implement additional anti-spam measures, to block spam or mail from systems with a history of abuse from entering Registry’s e-mail forwarding. However, due to the nature of such systems, which actively block messages, Registry shall make public any decision to implement such systems a reasonable time in advance, so as to allow you or us to give feedback on the decision.
      • You understand and agree that Registry may delete material that does not conform to clause (c) above or that in some other way constitutes a misuse of e-mail forwarding. You further understand and agree that Registry is at liberty to block your access to e-mail forwarding if you use e-mail forwarding in a way that contravenes this Agreement. You will be given prior warning of discontinuation of the e-mail forwarding unless it would damage the reputation of Registry or jeopardize the security of Registry or others to do so. Registry reserves the right to immediately discontinue e-mail forwarding without notice if the technical stability of e-mail forwarding is threatened in any way, or if you are in breach of this Agreement. On discontinuing e-mail forwarding, Registry is not obliged to store any contents or to forward unsent e-mail to you or a third party.
      • You understand and agree that to the extent either we and/or Registry is required by law to disclose certain information or material in connection with your e-mail forwarding, either we and/or Registry will do so in accordance with such requirement and without notice to you.
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the dispute policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. You hereby acknowledge that you have read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement. (A) the Eligibility Requirements (the “Eligibility Requirements”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appl-8aug03.htm; (B) the Eligibility Requirements Dispute Resolution Policy (the “ERDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/name/registry-agmt-appm-8aug03.htm; and (C) the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “UDRP”), available at: http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm
      • The Eligibility Requirements dictate that Personal Name domain names and Personal Name SLD e-mail addresses will be granted on a first-come, first-served basis. The following categories of Personal Name Registrations may be registered: (i) the Personal Name of an individual; (ii) the Personal Name of a fictional character, if you have trademark or service make rights in that character’s Personal Name; (iii) in addition to a Personal Name registration, you may add numeric characters to the beginning or the end of the Personal Name so as to differentiate it from other Personal Names.
      • The ERDRP applies to challenges to (i) registered domain names and SLD e-mail address registrations within .name on the grounds that a Registrant does not meet the Eligibility Requirements, and (ii) to Defensive Registrations (as defined by the Registry) within .name.
      • The UDRP sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between a Registrant and party other than the Registry or Tucows over the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered by a Registrant.
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .at Domains. In the case of a “.at” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.nic.at/en/service/legal_information/terms_conditions/. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
    • .be Domains. In the case of a “.be” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.dns.be/en/legal/domain_name_disputes/general_principle.
        You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the .be Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.dns.be/en/legal/domain_name_disputes/general_principle.
    • .ca Domains. In the case of a “.ca” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy, which is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://cira.ca/assets/Documents/CDRPpolicy.pdf. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
      • Registry Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Registry-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a Registry adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by Tucows or the Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name.
      • Transfer of Ownership. Any transfer of ownership in and to a domain name registration shall be affected in accordance with registry policies and procedures.
      • Registry Agreement and Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by the Registry’s Registrant Agreement, the Registry’s policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.cira.ca/assets/Documents/Legal/Registrants/registrantagreement.pdf. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry agreement or policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • You acknowledge and agree that the Registry shall not be liable to you for any loss, damage, or expense arising out of the Registry’s failure or refusal to register a domain name, it’s failure or refusal to renew a domain name registration, it’s registration of a domain name, it’s failure or refusal to renew a domain name registration, it’s renewal of a domain name registration, it’s failure or refusal to transfer a domain name registration, it’s transfer of a domain name registration, it’s failure or refusal to maintain or modify a domain name registration, it’s maintenance of a domain name registration, it’s modification of a domain name registration, it’s failure to cancel a domain name registration or it’s cancellation of a domain name registration from the Registry;
    • .cc Domains. In the case of a “.cc” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.verisign.com/information-services/naming-services/cctlds/page_042130.html. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at: http://www.verisign.com/information-services/naming-services/cctlds/page_042130.html.
        You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
    • .ch Domains. In the case of a “.ch” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.switch.ch/id/terms. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the .ch Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.switch.ch/id/disputes/rules. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
    • .cn Domains. In the case of a “.cn” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • “Registry” means the China Internet Network Information Center, which is the authority responsible for the administration of the national top-level domain of the People’s Republic of China and the Chinese domain name system;
      • “Registry Gateway” means the service provided by the Registry Operator that facilitates the registration of .cn domain names by registrars operating outside of the People’s Republic of China;
      • “Registry Operator” means Neustar, Inc., the company authorized to facilitate the registration of .cn domain names by registrars operating outside of the People’s Republic of China.
      • Restrictions. You agree that you shall not register or use a domain name that is deemed by CNNIC to: (A) be against the basic principles prescribed in the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (“PRC”); (B) jeopardize national security, leak state secrets, intend to overturn the government or disrupt the integrity of the PRC; (C) harm national honour and national interests of the PRC; (D) instigate hostility or discrimination between different nationalities or disrupt the national solidarity of the PRC; (E) spread rumours, disturb public order or disrupt social stability of the PRC; (F) spread pornography, obscenity, gambling, violence, homicide, terror or instigate crimes in the PRC; (G) insult, libel against others and infringe other people’s legal rights and interests in the PRC; or (H) take any other action prohibited in laws, rules and administrative regulations of the PRC.
      • Business or Organization Representation. .cn domain name registrations are intended for businesses and organizations and not for individual use. By registering a .cn name, you accordingly represent that you have registered the domain name on behalf or a business or organization. It should be noted that, although .cn policy is permissive in terms of registration, and enforcement is generally in reaction to a complaint (as opposed to proactive review), registrations that are not associated with an organization or business may be subject to deletion. The foregoing prevents an individual from registering a .cn domain name for a business operating as a sole proprietorship.
      • Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the CNNIC Domain Name Dispute Policy & Rules for CNNIC Dispute Resolution Policy (“Dispute Policy”), as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement. The Dispute Policy is currently found at: http://www1.cnnic.cn/PublicS/fwzxxgzcfg/201208/t20120830_35737.htm.
      • You acknowledge that, pursuant to the Dispute Policy, Registrars must comply with all reasonable requests from the applicable domain name dispute resolution institutions including the provision of all relevant evidence in any domain name disputes in the specified time frames.
      • If we are notified that a complaint has been filed with a judicial or administrative body regarding your use of our domain name registration services, you agree not to make any changes to your domain name record without our prior approval. We may not allow you to make changes to such domain name record until (i) we are directed to do so by the judicial or administrative body, or (ii) we receive notification by you and the other party contesting your registration and use of our domain name registration services that the dispute has been settled. Furthermore, you agree that if you are subject to litigation regarding your registration and use of our domain name registration services, we may deposit control of your domain name record into the registry of the judicial body by supplying a party with a registrar certificate from us.
      • Adherence to Policies. You agree to comply with all applicable laws, regulations and policies of the Peoples Republic of China’s governmental agencies and the China Internet Network Information Centre (“CNNIC”), including but not limited to the following rules and regulations: (A) Provisional Administrative Rules for Registration of Domain Names in China (currently at http://www1.cnnic.cn/PublicS/fwzxxgzcfg/201208/t20120830_35734.htm); (B) Detailed Implementation Rules for Registration of Domain Names in China (currently at http://www1.cnnic.cn/PublicS/fwzxxgzcfg/201208/t20120830_35735.htm); (C) Chinese Domain Names Dispute Resolution Policy (currently at http://www1.cnnic.cn/PublicS/fwzxxgzcfg/201208/t20120830_35737.htm); and (D) CNNIC Implementing Rules of Domain Name Registration (currently at http://www1.cnnic.cn/PublicS/fwzxxgzcfg/201208/t20120830_35735.htm).
        You acknowledge that you have read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the policies of the CNNIC, as they may be amended from time to time.
      • Suspension and Cancellation. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Tucows, Registry Operator, CNNIC or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a CNNIC or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by a party in registering the name, (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name, (3) to protect the integrity and stability of the registry, (4) to comply with any applicable laws, government rules or requirements, requests of aw enforcement, (5) to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on the part of Tucows, Registry Operator or CNNIC, as well as their affiliates, subsidiaries, directors, representatives, employees and stockholders or (6) for violations of this Agreement. Tucows, Registry Operator and CNNIC also reserve the right to “freeze” a domain name during the resolution of a dispute.
      • Jurisdiction. For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, (2) where Tucows is located, and (3) the People’s Republic of China.
      • Governing Law. For the adjudication of a dispute concerning or arising from use of a .cn domain, such dispute will be governed under the Laws of the Peoples Republic of China.
    • .de Domains. In the case of a “.de” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Selection of a Domain Name. You represent that: (A) you have reviewed and have accepted the Registry’s Terms and Conditions and the Registry’s Guidelines and have provided your Reseller with written confirmation of same;you have reviewed and have accepted the Registry’s Terms and Conditions and the Registry’s Guidelines and have provided your Reseller with written confirmation of same; (B) either you, or the person designated as the administrative contact for the domain name, shall be resident or shall have a branch in Germany; (C) to the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party and, further, that the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever.
      • Domain Name Disputes. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
      • Registry Policies. You agree to be bound by the Registry’s Registration Terms and Conditions and the Registration Guidelines. English language translations of the Registry’s documents are provided for convenience; in the event of a discrepancy between the English and the German language agreements, the terms of the German agreement will prevail. The Registry documents may be found at: English: (A) Registration Terms and Conditions http://www.denic.de/en/bedingungen.html; (B) Registration Guidelines http://www.denic.de/en/denic-domain-guidelines.html; German: (C) DENIC-Registrierungsbedingungen
        http://www.denic.de/de/bedingungen.html (D) DENIC-Registrierungsrichtlinien  http://www.denic.de/de/richtlinien.html
    • .eu domains. In the case of a “.eu” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Eligibility Criteria. .eu domain names are available for registration to companies and persons who fulfill the following criteria. As a condition of registration, you accordingly represent that you are: (A) an undertaking having its registered office, central administration or principal place of business within the European Community; (B) an organization established within the European Community without prejudice to the application of national law, or (C) a natural person resident within the European Community.
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website. Registration policies of the Registry and the terms and conditions applicable to your .eu registration may be found at: http://www.eurid.eu/files/trm_con_EN.pdf. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Domain Name Disputes. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
    • .fr Domains. In the case of a “.fr” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Representation of Registrant. .fr domain names are available for registration to companies and persons who fulfill the following criteria. As a condition of registration, you accordingly represent that you are: (A) A legal entity: (I) whose head office is in France; (or), (II) which possess an address in France which is expressly listed in the public electronic databases of the registrars of the commercial courts or the National Statistical and Economic Studies Institute (INSEE), (or), (III) State institutions or departments, local authorities or associated establishments, (or), (IV) which own a trademark registered with the National Intellectual Property Institute or own a registered EU or international trademark which expressly includes French territory.
      • Administrative Contact. Each registrant must designate an administrative contact to act as a coordinator between the registrant and the Registry. In the case of .fr registrations, the administrative contact must be based in France where it can receive legal and other documents.
      • Registry Policies. You agree to be bound by the Registry’s Naming Charter, its registration rules for .fr. English language translations of the Registry’s documents are provided for convenience. The Registry documents may be found at: http://www.afnic.fr/obtenir/chartes/nommage-fr.
      • Domain Name Disputes. You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law. The current .fr dispute resolution policy and procedures can be found at http://www.afnic.fr/doc/ref/juridique/parl. You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
    • .it Domains. In the case of a “it” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registration Criteria. Registration of an .it name is restricted to subjects belonging to a member state of the European Union. Individuals and associations operating without a VAT number or a fiscal code are limited to a single domain name registration.
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.nic.it/create-and-change.it/regulations-and-guidelines. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation. Additional policies, including transfer procedures and “netiquette” rules may be found at http://www.nic.it/everything-on.it/naming-authority/?searchterm=naming%20authority.
    • .nl Domains. In the case of a “.nl” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registration Criteria. Registration of a .nl domain name is unrestricted save and except that applicants who are not based in the Netherlands or who do not have a registered address in the Netherlands must provide an address in the Netherlands where written documents can be sent to the applicant and where legal summonses can be served.
      • Registry Policies. You agree to be bound by the policies of the Registry including but not limited to the Registry’s Registration Regulations. English language translations of the Registry’s documents are provided for convenience and may be found at: https://www.sidn.nl/fileadmin/downloads_en/Terms_and_Conditions/General_Terms_and_Conditions_for_.nl_Registrants.pdf.
        You agree that, if the registration or reservation of your domain name is challenged by a third party, you will be subject to the provisions specified by the Registry or any court of law. The current .nl dispute resolution policy and procedures can be found at https://www.sidn.nl/en/about-nl/disputes-and-complaints/.
        You agree that in the event a domain name dispute arises with any third party, you will indemnify and hold us harmless pursuant to the terms and conditions specified by the Registry or any court of law.
    • .tv Domains. In the case of a “.tv” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another Registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
      • Policy. You agree that your registration of the .tv domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any ICANN or government adopted policy, or pursuant to any Registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with an ICANN or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or the applicable Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. You acknowledge that you have reviewed the .tv General Terms of Service which may be found at http://www.verisign.com/information-services/naming-services/cctlds/index.html” and expressly agree to the terms outlined therein.
    • .uk Domains. In the case of a .uk registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • “Nominet UK” means the entity granted the exclusive right to administer the registry for .uk domain name registrations.
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy which is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at: http://www.nominet.org.uk/disputes/. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
        Nominet UK Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Nominet UK-adopted policy, term or condition, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with an Nominet UK-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by a registrar or the registry in registering the name, or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. The current Nominet UK terms and conditions can be found at: http://www.nominet.org.uk/disputes/terms/
        When you submit a request for a domain name registration with Tucows and/or Reseller, you will be entering into two contracts – one contract with Tucows and/or Reseller and one contract with Nominet UK.
        Tucows and your Reseller will act as agents on your behalf by submitting your application to Nominet for you, however, you will still be entering into a direct contract between you and Nominet UK. This is a separate contract from this agreement; may be found at http://www.nominet.org.uk/nominet-terms. Tucows and Reseller must also make you aware that by accepting Nominet’s terms and conditions you are consenting to Nominet using your personal data for a variety of reasons. In particular, your name and address may be published as part of Nominet’s Whois look-up service.
      • Transfer of Ownership. Any transfer of ownership in and to a domain name registration shall be affected in accordance with Nominet UK policies and procedures.
    • .us Domains. In the case of a “.us” registration, the following terms and conditions will apply:
      • “DOC” means the United States of America Department of Commerce.
      • “.us Nexus Requirement”. Only those individuals or organizations that have a substantive lawful connection in the United States are permitted to register for .usTLD domain names. Registrants in the .usTLD must satisfy the nexus requirement (“Nexus” or “Nexus Requirements”) set out at: http://www.neustar.us/the-ustld-nexus-requirements/.
      • Selection of a Domain Name. You certify and represent that: (A) You have and shall continue to have, a bona fide presence in the United States on the basis of real and substantial lawful contacts with, or lawful activities in, the United States as defined in Section (ii) hereinabove; (B) The listed name servers are located within the United States; (C) The data provided in the domain name registration application is true, correct, up to date and complete, and that you will continue to keep all of the information provided correct, up-to-date and complete; (D) To the best of the your knowledge and belief, neither this registration of a domain name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly to be used infringes upon the legal rights of a third party; (E) That the domain name is not being registered for nor shall it at any time whatsoever be used for any unlawful purpose whatsoever; (F) You have the authority to enter into this Registration Agreement.
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the Dispute Policy and the usDRP, as defined below, that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with these policies.
      • Domain Name Disputes. You acknowledge having read and understood and agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of the following documents, as they may be amended from time to time, which are hereby incorporated and made an integral part of this Agreement: (A) The Nexus Dispute Policy (“Dispute Policy), available at: http://www.neustar.us/nexus-dispute-policy/. The Dispute Policy will provide interested parties with an opportunity to challenge a registration not complying with the Nexus Requirements. (B) The usTLD Dispute Resolution Policy (“usDRP”) available at: http://www.neustar.us/ustld-dispute-resolution-policy/. The usDRP is intended to provide interested parties with an opportunity to challenge a registration based on alleged trademark infringement. (C) In addition to the foregoing, you agree that, for the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the Registered Name, you shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (i) of your domicile, (ii) where Tucows is located, and (iii) the United States.
      • Policy. You agree that your registration of the domain name shall be subject to suspension, cancellation, or transfer pursuant to any Tucows, Registry Operator, the DOC or government-adopted policy, or pursuant to any registrar or registry procedure not inconsistent with a DOC or government-adopted policy, (1) to correct mistakes by us or the applicable Registry in registering the name or (2) for the resolution of disputes concerning the domain name. The Registry Operator’s policies can be found at http://www.neustar.us/policies.
      • Indemnity. The DOC shall be added to the parties you have agreed to indemnify in Section 13 hereinabove.
      • Information. As part of the registration process, you are required to provide us certain information and to update us promptly as such information changes such that our records are current, complete and accurate. You are obliged to provide us the following information: (A) Your full name, postal address, e-mail address and telephone number and fax number (if available) (or, if different, that of the domain name holder); (B) The domain name being registered; (C) The name, postal address, e-mail address, and telephone number and fax number (if available) telephone numbers of the administrative contact, the technical contact and the billing contact for the domain name; (D) The IP addresses and names of the primary nameserver and any secondary nameserver(s) for the domain name;
      • In addition to the foregoing, you will be required to provide additional Nexus Information. The Nexus Information requirements are set out at http://www.neustar.us/the-ustld-nexus-requirements/. Any other information, which we request from you at registration, is voluntary. Any voluntary information we request is collected for the purpose of improving the products and services offered to you through your Reseller.
      • Disclosure and Use of the Registration Information. You agree and acknowledge that we will make domain name registration information you provide available to the DOC, to the Registry Operator, and to other third parties as applicable. You further agree and acknowledge that we may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some, or all, of the domain name registration information you provide, for purposes of inspection (such as through our Whois service) or other purposes as required or permitted by the DOC and applicable laws.
        You hereby consent to any and all such disclosures and use of information provided by you in connection with the registration of a domain name (including any updates to such information), whether during or after the term of your registration of the domain name. You hereby irrevocably waive any and all claims and causes of action you may have arising from such disclosure or use of your domain name registration information by us.
        You may access your domain name registration information in our possession to review, modify or update such information, by accessing our domain manager service, or similar service, made available by us through your Reseller.
        We will not process data about any identified or identifiable natural person that we obtain from you in a way incompatible with the purposes and other limitations which we describe in this Agreement.
        We will take reasonable precautions to protect the information we obtain from you from our loss, misuse, unauthorized accessor disclosure, alteration or destruction of that information.
    • .asia Domains. In the case of a .asia registration, the following terms apply:
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant consents to the use, copying, distribution, publication, modification and other processing of its Personal Data by DotAsia Organisation Limited and its designees and agents in a manner consistent with the purposes specified pursuant to the Registry-Registrar Agreement and with relevant mandatory local data protection, laws and privacy.
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant agrees to correct and update the registration information for the Registered Name immediately during the registration term for the Registered Name.
      • In addition to the complying with the Registrar’s policies, the Registered Name Holder/Registrant* agrees to comply with those ICANN requirements, standards, policies, procedures, and practices for which the Registry Operator DotAsia Organisation Limited has monitoring responsibility in accordance with the Registry Agreement or with other arrangements with ICANN.
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant agrees to comply with all the operational standards, policies, procedures, and practices for the .ASIA Registry as established from time to time in a non-arbitrary manner by DotAsia Organisation Limited (“.ASIA Registry Policies”).  The Registered Name Holder/Registrant acknowledges that .ASIA Registry Policies are applicable to all registrars and/or registered name holders/registrants.  Any changes of the .ASIA Registry Policies by the DotAsia Organisation Limited that are consistent with the Registry Agreement shall be effective upon thirty (30) days’ notice by DotAsia Organisation Limited to Registrar. The Registered Name Holder/Registrant further agrees to be bound by the terms and conditions as set down by DotAsia Organisation Limited during the initial launch and the general operations of the .ASIA TLD, including without limitation its Start-Up Policies where such terms and conditions include the submission to a binding arbitration for disputes arising from the Start-Up process or any allocation of domain names.
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings commenced under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (“UDRP”) and to proceedings commenced under ICANN’s Charter Eligibility Dispute Resolution Policy (“CEDRP”). The Registered Name Holder/Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings commenced under other dispute resolution policies as set forth by DotAsia Organisation Limited from time to time in the Registry Policies, including but not limited to expedited processes for suspension of a domain name by claims sought by intellectual property right holders, Internet engineering and security experts or other competent claimants in the purpose of upholding the stability, security and integrity of the .ASIA Registry.
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant acknowledges and agrees to comply with the .ASIA Charter Eligibility Requirement. The Registered Name Holder/Registrant* acting as Registrant Contact represents and warrants that it has made known to the Charter Eligibility Declaration Contact (the “CED Contact”), and the CED Contact has agreed, that the Registrant Contact and the CED Contact will jointly be defined as the Registered Name Holder, and that it shall be jointly responsible for the Registered Name in the event of a dispute or a challenge over the Registered Name Holder/Registrant’s* legal entitlement to or the ownership of the Registered Name.  The CED Contact shall be bound by the provisions in the DotAsia Organisation Limited’s .ASIA Charter Eligibility Requirement Policy published from time to time. Registered Name Holder/Registrant acting as Registrant Contact agrees that it has obtained an agreement from the CED Contact that the Registrant Contact shall remain the Operating Contact for all operations of the domain, including but not limited to domain transfer and updates.
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant agrees to indemnify, to the maximum extent permitted by law, defend and hold harmless the Registry Operator DotAsia Organisation Limited and its directors, officers, employees and agents from and against any and all claims, damages, liabilities, costs and expenses, including reasonable legal fees and expenses, arising out of or relating to the Registered Name Holder’s domain name registration and or use. Notwithstanding the other provisions in this Agreement, the Registered Name Holder agrees that this indemnification obligation shall survive the termination or expiration of this registration agreement.
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant acknowledges and agrees that DotAsia Organisation Limited and Registry Services Provider, acting in consent with DotAsia Organisation Limited, reserves the right to deny, cancel or transfer any registration that it deems necessary, in its sole discretion (i) to protect the integrity security, and stability of the registry; (ii) to comply with all appropriate laws, government rules or requirements, requests of law enforcement, in compliance with any dispute resolution process; (iii) to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on the part of DotAsia Organisation Limited as well as its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers, directors, representatives, employees, and stockholders; (iv) for violations of the terms and conditions herein: or (v) to correct mistakes made by DotAsia Organisation Limited, the Registry Services Provider or any registrar in connection with a domain name registration.  DotAsia Organisation Limited also reserves the right to freeze a Registered Name such as placing a domain name on hold, lock, or other status during the resolution of a dispute.
      • Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, DotAsia Organisation Limited, the Registry Operator of the .ASIA TLD, is and shall be an intended third party beneficiary of this Agreement.  As such, the parties to this Agreement acknowledge and agree that the third party beneficiary rights of DotAsia Organisation Limited have vested and that it has relied on its third party beneficiary rights under this Agreement in agreeing to Tucows being a registrar for the .ASIA TLD.  Additionally, the third party beneficiary rights of DotAsia Organisation Limited shall survive any termination or expiration of this Agreement.
      • The Registered Name Holder/Registrant acknowledges that in the event of conflict between this section of the Agreement and other sections of the same, this section shall prevail.
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .li Domains. In the case of a .li registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.switch.ch/id/terms. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the .ch Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.switch.ch/id/disputes/rules. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
    • .me Domains. In the case of a .me registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.nic.me/policies. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Domain Name Dispute Policy. If you reserved or registered a domain name through us, or transferred a domain name to us from another registrar, you agree to be bound by the .me Dispute Policy that is incorporated herein and made a part of this Agreement by reference. The current version of the Dispute Policy may be found at http://www.nic.me/policies. Please take the time to familiarize yourself with this policy.
    • .tel Domains. In the case of a .tel registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://telnic.com/downloads/AUP.pdf. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification;
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .mobi Domains. In the case of a .mobi registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://dotmobi.com/. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification;
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .in Domains. In the case of a “.in” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at https://registry.in/Policies. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation. 
    • .bz Domains. In the case of a “.bz” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.afilias-grs.info/bz-belize. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation. 
    • .ws Domains. In the case of a “.ws” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.worldsite.ws/legal/index.dhtml?url=worldsite.ws. You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation. 
    • .co and .com.co, .net.co, .nom.co Domains. In the case of a “.com.co” or “.net.co” or “.nom.co” registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.cointernet.co/domain/policies-procedures. You are responsible for monitoring  the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole  remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
    • .com.au, .net.au, .org.au, .asn.au, .id.au Domains. In the case of a .com.au, .net.au, .org.au, .asn.au, .id.au registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • auDA AND REGISTRAR’S AGENCY: (1) In this agreement, auDA means .au Domain Administration Limited ACN079 009 340, the .au domain names administrator.
      • The Registrar acts as agent for auDA for the sole purpose, but only to the extent necessary to enable auDA to receive the benefit of rights and covenants conferred to it under this agreement. auDA is an intended third party beneficiary of this agreement.

      • auDA PUBLISHED POLICY: (1) In this clause, auDA Published Policies means those specifications and policies established and published by auDA from time to time at http://www.auda.org.au/ (2) Registrant must comply with all auDA Published Policies, as if they were incorporated into, and form part of, this agreement. In the event of any inconsistency between any auDA Published Policy and this agreement, then the auDA Published Policy will prevail to the extent of such inconsistency.
      • Registrant acknowledges that under the auDA Published Policies: (1) there are mandatory terms and conditions that apply to all domain names licences, and such terms and conditions are incorporated into, and form part of, this agreement; and (2) Registrant is bound by, and must submit to, the .au Dispute Resolution Policy; and (3) auDA may delete or cancel the registration of a .au domain name.
      • auDA’S LIABILITIES AND INDEMNITY: (1) To the fullest extent permitted by law, auDA will not be liable to Registrant for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, punitive or exemplary losses or damages of any kind (including, without limitation, loss of use, loss or profit, loss or corruption of data, business interruption or indirect costs) suffered by Registrant arising from, as a result of, or otherwise in connection with, any act or omission whatsoever of auDA, its employees, agents or contractors. (2) Registrant agrees to indemnify, keep indemnified and hold auDA, its employees, agents and contractors harmless from all and any claims or liabilities, arising from, as a result of, or otherwise in connection with, Registrant’s registration or use of its .au domain name. (3) Nothing in this document is intended to exclude the operation of Trade Practices Act 1974.
    • .xxx Domains. In the case of a .xxx. registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at <ahref=”http: registry-registrant-agreement=”” policies=”” icmregistry.com=”” ?=””>http://icmregistry.com/policies/registry-registrant-agreement/ You are responsible for monitoring the Registry.s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (“UDRP”) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry. These policies are subject to modification;
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant’s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .pro Domains. In the case of a .pro registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at http://www.registry.pro/legal/user-terms
        You are responsible for monitoring the Registry.s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Submission to UDRP. Registrant agrees to submit to proceedings under ICANN’s Uniform Domain Dispute Policy (.UDRP.) (http://www.icann.org/dndr/udrp/policy.htm) and comply with the requirements set forth by the Registry; these policies are subject to modification;
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant.s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • .dk Domains. In the case of a .dk registration, the following terms and conditions shall apply:
      • Registry Policy. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are posted on the Registry website at https://www.dk-hostmaster.dk/english/laws-conditions/
      • You are responsible for monitoring the Registry’s site on a regular basis. In the event that you do not wish to be bound by a revision or modification to any Registry policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your domain name registration by following the appropriate Registry policy regarding such cancellation.
      • Information submitted by you is registered by the registry operator DK Hostmaster and will be used for administering the .dk top-level domain.
      • Your personal data is not publicly available in the whois database, but the operating registry, DK Hostmaster, shall release hidden personal details on request where a legal interest is demonstrated.
      • You agree to allow Tucows to make a payment for a domain registration/renewal/transfer on your behalf.
      • You have the right to change the billing contact or proxy and to pay the registry, DK Hostmaster, directly.
      • The registration of a .DK domain name takes place with the registry operator, DK Hostmaster and you must agree to DIFO’s rules available at https://www.dk-hostmaster.dk/english/laws-conditions/.
      • You have the right to, at any time, change your Registrar, DNS and Zone Contact.
      • Your e-mail address must not be related to the Domain Name to be Registered and must be an e-mail address that is under your control. It is your responsibility to ensure that the e-mail address stated is valid.
      • For the adjudication of disputes concerning or arising from use of the domain name, the Registrant shall submit, without prejudice to other potentially applicable jurisdictions, to the jurisdiction of the courts (1) of the Registrant.s domicile, and (2) where Tucows is located, presently Toronto, Ontario.
    • Additional ccTLD Policies. Additional registry policies may apply for ccTLDs. You acknowledge and understand that by accepting the terms and conditions of this agreement you shall be bound by Registry policies and any pertinent rules or policies that exist now or in the future and which are referenced at http://www.tucowsdomains.com/domaininfo/cctld-registry-policies
    • .VENTURES, .HOLDINGS, .SINGLES, .CLOTHING, .GURU, .BIKE, .PLUMBING, .CAMERA, .LIGHTING, .EQUIPMENT, .ESTATE, .GRAPHICS, .GALLERY, .PHOTOGRAPHY domains. In the case of a .VENTURES, .HOLDINGS, .SINGLES, .CLOTHING, .GURU, .BIKE, .PLUMBING, .CAMERA, .LIGHTING, .EQUIPMENT, .ESTATE, .GRAPHICS, .GALLERY, .PHOTOGRAPHY  registration, the following conditions apply:
      • You agree to the Donuts Inc. Acceptable Use and Anti-Abuse Policy, located at http://www.donuts.co/policies/acceptable-use/
      • You acknowledge that TLDs offered by Donuts Inc. will have non-uniform renewal registration pricing, such that the fee for a domain name registration renewal may differ from other domain names in the same or other Donuts TLDs.
  58. WHOIS PRIVACY SERVICE. The following terms and conditions will apply if you subscribe to the Whois Privacy Service:
    • Subscribers to the Whois Privacy Service have elected to include the following information in the publicly available Whois Registry:
      • Contact Privacy Inc. Customer ####, where #### is an individual customer identification number which is unique per domain name, shall appear as the Registrant and Contacts name(s); (ii) Tucows’ postal address and a Tucows assigned email address and telephone number shall appear on behalf of the Registrant and the Contact(s); (iii) The primary and secondary nameservers shall be those designated by the Registrant; (iv) The original date of registration and the expiration of each domain name; (v) Tucows will be identified as the registrar of record.
    • You understand and agree that the Registrant and Contact Information that you have provided will be kept on file. You further agree and warrant that you will ensure that the Whois Information is true, accurate and up to date.
    • You will will retain complete control over the domain name and its registration records and may suspend and reinstate the Whois Privacy Service at your discretion.
    • The Whois Privacy Service may be used with both new and existing domain name registrations. You may use the Whois Privacy Service with respect to a domain name that has been transferred but it will only commence after the transfer has been completed. If you wish to transfer the domain name to a different registrar, the Whois Privacy Service must be disabled in order to initiate the transfer.
    • We will send all obligatory renewal and transfer related messages to the Contacts you have designated.
    • Communications Forwarding. Communications received with respect to a particular domain name registration will be handled as follows: (i) We will forward to you or a Contact all correspondence received by registered mail or traceable courier. This information may be opened, scanned and emailed to you or your Contact.. Regular postal mail will be discarded or returned to sender at our discretion. (ii) Email correspondence will be forwarded, only if submitted via the contactprivacy.com website, to the address as it appears in Tucows records. (iii) A voice mail message will advise all callers that inbound messages will not be accepted; calls will be directed to the contactprivacy.com web site where written messages will be forwarded according to your instructions. (iv) We will only be responsible for forwarding communications where our details have appeared in the whois and when your Whois Information is accurate, complete and up to date.
    • Right to Suspend and Disable. We shall have the right, at our sole discretion and without liability to you or any of your Contacts, suspend or cancel your domain name and to reveal Registrant and Contact Whois Information in certain circumstances, including but not limited to the following: (i) when required by law; (ii) in the good faith belief that disclosure is necessary to further determination of an alleged breach of a law; (iii) to comply with a legal process served upon Tucows; (iv) to resolve any and all third party claims including but not limited to ICANN’s or a Registry’s dispute resolution policy; (v) to avoid financial loss or legal liability (v) to avoid financial loss or legal liability; (vi) if we believe that you or one of your Contacts is using the Whois Privacy Service to conceal involvement with illegal, illicit, objectionable or harmful activities; or (vii) to transmit SPAM, viruses, worms or other harmful computer programs.
    • You understand and agree that, in the event that we receive a formal complaint, notice of claim or UDRP, that we will have the right to disable the Whois Privacy Service pending final disposition of the matter.
  59. Expired Registration Recovery Policy
    • Domain expiration notices for gTLDs will be sent via email 30 days and 5 days prior to your domain expiration date and 3 days after your domain expires.
    • The following renewal, post-expiration renewal fees and redemption fees apply to each of these gTLDs:
      • gTLD: .com –  Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .net –  Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .org –  Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .biz –  Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .info – Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .mobi – Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .pro –  Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .name – Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .asia – Price: $25 / $25 / $250
      • gTLD: .tel –  Price: $25 / $25 / $250

      *Registration service provider fees may differ.

  60. Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
    • You agree to abide by the terms and conditions set forth by the Tucows and Trademark Clearinghouse agreement available at http://opensrs.com/site/resources/agreements#tmch

ACCEPTANCE OF AGREEMENT. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ALL ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS. YOU HAVE INDEPENDENTLY EVALUATED THE DESIRABILITY OF THE SERVICE AND ARE NOT RELYING ON ANY REPRESENTATION AGREEMENT, GUARANTEE OR STATEMENT OTHER THAN AS SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT.